Bitis Arietans Venom | Puff Adder Venom:
Bitis Arietans Venom | Puff Adder Venom is extracted from a snake called Bitis Arietans.
More details about Bitis Arietans Venom | Puff Adder Venom:
|Purity||> 99 %|
|Packaging||In vacuum sealed glass vials, in secured parcel.|
|Common Name(s)||Puff Adder, African Puff Adder, Common Puff Adder.|
About Bitis Arietans Snake:
The puff adder (Bitis arietans) is a viper species found in savannahs and grasslands from Morocco and western Arabia throughout Africa except for the Sahara and rainforest regions.
It is responsible for causing the most snakebite fatalities in Africa owing to various factors, such as its wide distribution, frequent occurrence in highly populated regions, and aggressive disposition.
Like all other vipers, it is venomous. Two subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.
German naturalist Blasius Merrem described the puff adder in 1820. The word arietans means “striking violently” and is derived from the Latin arieto.
The type locality given is “Promontorio bonae spei” (Cape of Good Hope), South Africa.
The snake’s typical size is about 1.0 m (39.3 in) in total length (body and tail) and very stout.
Large specimens of 190 cm (75 in) total length, weighing over 6.0 kg (13.2 lb) and with a girth of 40 cm (16 in) have been reported.
Specimens from Saudi Arabia are not as large, usually no more than 80 cm (31 in) in total length. Males are usually larger than females and have relatively longer tails.
The head has a less than triangular shape with a blunt and rounded snout. Still, the head is much wider than the neck. The rostral scale is small.
The circumorbital ring consists of 10–16 scales. Across the top of the head, there are 7–11 interocular scales; three or four scales separate the suboculars and the supralabials. It has 12 to 17 supralabials and 13–17 sublabials.
The first three or four sublabials contact the chin shields, of which only one pair exists. Often, two fangs are on each maxilla, and both can be functional.
Distribution and habitat
This species is probably the most common and widespread snake in Africa.
It is found in most of sub-Saharan Africa south to the Cape of Good Hope, including southern Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, southern Algeria, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, northern, eastern, and southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. It also occurs on the Arabian Peninsula, where it is found in southwestern Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Normally a sluggish species, the puff adder relies on camouflage for protection.
Locomotion is primarily rectilinear, using the broad ventral scales in a caterpillar fashion and aided by its own weight for traction.
When agitated, it can resort to a typical serpentine movement of surprising speed.
Although mainly terrestrial, these snakes are good swimmers and can also climb with ease; often they are found basking in low bushes.
One specimen was found 4.6 m above the ground in a densely branched tree.
Puff adder venom type, Puff adder venom effects,
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